Diabetes causes a wide range of related health issues, including eye diseases like retinopathy and macular edema, which can lead to blindness. At Project Eyecare Optometry, Vincent Cano, OD, and Connie Tsai, OD, and their eye care team diagnose and treat diabetes-related eye diseases to protect your vision and your eye health. Call Project Eyecare Optometry or make an appointment online today.
When unmanaged, diabetes involves elevated glucose levels, which can cause changes in your blood vessels. You have tiny blood vessels in your eyes, and when diabetes makes these vessels swell and leak, it can damage your retina and potentially lead to blindness.
Diabetes can cause temporary swelling that makes your vision blurry but subsides when your blood sugar is under control. However, if you have continuously elevated blood sugar, the disease can damage your blood vessels and cause permanent damage.
Diabetes can cause a few different types of eye diseases. In addition to increasing your risk of developing cataracts and glaucoma, diabetes can also cause retinopathy and macular edema.
Retinopathy occurs when your blood vessels bulge and leak into your retina. While the extra fluids can lead to scarring, the disease becomes more severe when new abnormal blood vessels grow into your retina and cause more severe symptoms.
The abnormal blood vessels caused by diabetes can also trigger swelling — edema — in your macula, which decreases your central vision. When left untreated, this condition can lead to permanent vision loss and eventually total blindness.
The optometrists at Project Eyecare Optometry offer customized treatments for diabetes-related eye diseases. Depending on your needs, they create customized treatment plans to improve your eye health and reduce your risk of vision loss. Some more severe cases require laser treatments or other surgery that require a referral to an ophthalmologist.
If you have diabetes, you should work with your regular doctor to control your blood sugar levels and protect your overall health. Often, adjusting your diet and adding exercise to your daily routine can make a big difference in your blood sugar levels.
It’s recommended you have eye exams at least once a year so the expert optometrists at Project Eyecare Optometry can monitor your eye health and catch and treat any diabetes-related eye problems as early as possible.
If you have diabetes and are due for an eye exam, call Project Eyecare Optometry or make an appointment online today.